A frozen shoulder is a shoulder joint with significant loss of its range of motion in all directions. The range of motion is limited not only when the patient attempts motion but also when the doctor attempts to move the joint fully while the patient relaxes. A frozen shoulder is medically referred to as adhesive capsulitis.
What causes a frozen shoulder?
Frozen shoulder is the result of inflammation, scarring, thickening and shrinkage of the capsule that surrounds the normal shoulder joint. Any injury to the shoulder can lead to a frozen shoulder, including tendinitis, bursitis, and rotator cuff injury (rotator cuff syndrome). Frozen shoulders occur more frequently in patients with risk factors of diabetes, chronic inflammatory arthritis of the shoulder, or after chest or breast surgery. Long-term immobility of the shoulder joint can put people at risk to develop a frozen shoulder.
What are symptoms and signs of a frozen shoulder?
Symptoms and signs of a frozen shoulder include pain, stiffness, and loss of range of motion of the shoulder. The shoulder range of motion is limited when either the patient or an examiner attempts to move the joint. The shoulder can develop increased pain with use. These symptoms can make sleep very uncomfortable.
Shoulder pain can be caused by a minor injury, bad posture, or an underlying health condition.
Conditions that can cause shoulder pain include:
rotator cuff disorders
acromio-clavicular joint disorders
a broken arm or broken collarbone
Frozen shoulder, also known as adhesive capsulitis, is a painful, persistent stiffness of the shoulder joint which makes it difficult to carry out the full range of normal shoulder movements.
Frozen shoulder occurs when there is thickening, swelling and tightening of the flexible tissue that surrounds your shoulder joint. This leaves less space for your upper arm bone (humerus) in the shoulder joint, and makes movement stiff and painful.
You may find it difficult to carry out everyday tasks such as dressing, driving and sleeping comfortably. Some people are unable to move their shoulder at all.
The symptoms of frozen shoulder can vary greatly but tend to advance slowly. They are usually felt in three stages spread over a number of months or years.Risk Factors For Frozen Shoulder
Most cases of frozen shoulder occur in people aged over 40. The condition is more common in women than in men.The exact cause of frozen shoulder is not fully understood. However, there are several risk factors that make developing frozen shoulder more likely. These include:
- shoulder injury or surgery
other health conditions which include heart or lung disease, an overactive
thyroid and Dupuytren's contracture
The rotator cuff is the group of muscles and tendons that surround the shoulder joint. Tendons are the tough, rubbery cords that link muscles to bones. The rotator cuff keeps the joint in the correct position, allowing it to move in a controlled way.
Tendonitis and Bursitis
Tendonitis is inflammation of a tendon. Bursitis is inflammation of a bursa. A bursa is a small, fluid-filled sac usually found over the joints and between tendons and bones.
Rotator cuff tendonitis and bursitis are usually the result of irritation and inflammation caused by a shoulder injury or overuse of the shoulder. For example, these conditions may affect someone whose job involves a lot of overhead lifting, or an athlete who competes in throwing sports, such as the javelin or discus.
If there is any kind of injury to the shoulder joint, the tendons or bursa may become inflamed. This means there is less space within the joint for the tendons and muscles to move. If the tendons, muscles or surrounding tissue become trapped between the bones in the shoulder, any repeated movement will irritate them.
Tendonitis and bursitis often occur together. When the tendons or bursa are trapped between the bones it is often known as "impingement syndrome".If the tendon is repeatedly scraped against the shoulder bones, it can gradually weaken and will sometimes tear.
A torn muscle or tendon will cause severe pain and possible weakness in your arm and shoulder. Some people may also feel a popping sensation when they move their shoulder.
Tendon tears are most common in people aged over 40. Tears that affect younger people are usually caused by an accident. In older people, tears are often caused by impingement syndrome.
It is estimated that around half of people over the age of 60 may have partial or complete rotator cuff tears. This is because your tendons become weaker as you get older.
Rotator Cuff Syndrome
The term "rotator cuff syndrome" is used to describe any type of damage to tendons in the rotator cuff, including complete tears.
The shoulder joint is a ball-and-socket joint. The top of your upper arm bone is the ball, which fits into the socket of your shoulder blade.
The symptoms of shoulder instability can sometimes be vague. People with shoulder instability often describe symptoms that are similar to having a "dead arm", such as:
clicking, locking or popping sensations
the arm being visibly out of position
muscle spasms where the muscles contract painfully
Types of shoulder instabilityShoulder instability can be either:Traumatic – the shoulder is forced out of place by a sudden impactAtraumatic – the shoulder gradually moves out of place over time.
Symptoms of acromioclavicular joint disorder include:
pain in the joint
limited movement of the joint
pain on the top of the shoulder
movements usually do not cause problems, but it's not surprising that symptoms develop from everyday wear and tear, overuse, or injury. Back problems and injuries often occur during sports or recreational activities,work-related tasks, or home projects.
You may not remember a specific injury, especially if your symptoms began gradually or during everyday activities. These injuries occur most often from improper movement or posture while lifting, standing, walking, or sitting, or even while sleeping. Symptoms can include pain, muscle spasms, and stiffness. The pain often goes away within 4 weeks without any treatment.
Conditions That Weaken The Spine
These can include ankylosing spondylitis, osteoarthritis, osteoporosis, spinal stenosis or Paget's disease, can cause back pain. These conditions are most common in older adults. In rare cases, tumors or infections can develop in or around the spine.
Some medical conditions can cause pain to spread to the back from other parts of the body (referred pain). Many health problems that can cause back pain have nothing to do with the bones, joints, muscles or ligaments of the back.
Back Pain Treatment
Most back pain will get better and go away by itself in 1 to 4 weeks. Home treatment will often help relieve back pain that is caused by minor injuries. It is usually a good idea to continue your regular activities while your back is healing. Avoid heavy lifting and activities that seem to make your back problems worse.
Other treatments for a back problem or injury may include first aid measures, physical therapy, manipulative therapy medicine andin some cases, surgery. Treatment depends on:
- The location, type, and severity of the injury.
- Your age, health condition and activities, such as work, sports, or hobbies
Far Infrared Therapy Treatment For Safe Pain Relief
Thermomedic Therapy GarmentsTM, founded in 2006, is dedicated to developing new and better ways to treat pain, prevent injury and promote healing to improve your health and well-being. From soothing, beneficial thermal therapy to compression joint supports and magnetic therapy garments, these non-pharmaceutical therapeutic treatments help safely ease joint stiffness, pain and discomfort to enhance the lifestyle of everyone seeking natural treatment options.
With the aim to find better ways to prevent injury, ease pain and enhanced healing, Thermomedic Therapy GarmentsTM and our colleagues have studied the risk factors that can lead to some people being more vulnerable to suffering with health care issues. Using these findings, we have developed a unique range of non-pharmaceutical therapeutic products to ensure improved health care outcomes for everyone.
Who Is Thermomedic & What We Stand For?
Good health is vital to everyone of us. Our dedication to offer safe, effective and non-toxic solutions to our customers across the globe underpins all our products. To ensure Thermomedic Therapy Garments always deliver on this commitment to our customers, our goal is to offer people everywhere access to innovative, non-pharmaceutical treatments and quality health care solutions.
Physical stamina and an active life-style are vital to our well-being.
"I had physiotherapy on my shoulder which has been causing me a lot of pain for 7 months now but I was still in pain. I had also been having tingling sensations in my neck and am so relieved now that I've been wearing your therapy vest with magnetic treatment. I can now move my arm without the shooting pain and the tingling has gone, too. I can't tell you how much better I feel"
- Vince Wharton. Renton, USA.
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